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Neurobiol Aging. 1993 Sep-Oct;14(5):447-55.

Serum- and bradykinin-induced calcium transients in familial Alzheimer's fibroblasts.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40536.


The calcium-sensitive photoprotein, aequorin, was used to examine serum- and bradykinin-induced transient increases in free cytosolic calcium ions in skin fibroblasts from 10 individuals with early onset familial AD (FAD), including four who were biopsied before their clinical symptoms would allow a diagnosis of AD, 2 individuals with late onset FAD, 8 at-risk but nonsymptomatic individuals, and 13 controls. The data show that (a) among controls, the peaks of the calcium transients increase in height as a function of donor age; (b) transients induced by 10% serum, 10 nM bradykinin (BK) or 100 nM BK were generally lower in FAD fibroblasts, including those from donors in the early stages of the disease, than in age-matched control cells; (c) such transients are reduced in cells from a proportion of the nonsymptomatic, at-risk individuals. Thus, serum- and BK-induced calcium transients are reduced in fibroblasts from both early and more advanced stage FAD donors and perhaps even from donors who are presymptomatic carriers of the defective gene. The data also suggest that changes in calcium transients in FAD fibroblasts neither mimic nor exaggerate the effects of normal aging.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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