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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1993 Dec;106(6):1147-57.

Structural basis for changes in left ventricular function and geometry because of chronic mitral regurgitation and after correction of volume overload.

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1
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425.

Abstract

Left ventricular function and myocyte structure were examined in three groups of dogs: (1) 3 months of mitral regurgitation caused by chordal rupture (n = 7); (2) chronic mitral regurgitation followed by mitral valve replacement and a 3-month recovery period (n = 7), and (3) sham controls (n = 8). The left ventricular end-systolic stiffness constant (Kess) was measured as an index of left ventricular contractile function with stress-strain relationships obtained by cinecatheterization. Isolated myocyte structure and composition were examined with computer-assisted morphometry and nuclear area computed with deoxyribonucleic acid fluorescence. Left ventricular contractile function was significantly depressed with chronic mitral regurgitation compared with control values (Kess, 2.1 +/- 0.1 versus 3.6 +/- 0.2; p < 0.05) and returned to control values with mitral valve replacement (3.8 +/- 0.2). Left ventricular mass significantly increased in both the mitral regurgitation and mitral valve replacement groups compared with control values (121 +/- 10, 120 +/- 5 versus 95 +/- 9 gm, respectively; p < 0.05). Myocyte length increased with mitral regurgitation beyond control values (194 +/- 4 versus 218 +/- 8 microns; p < 0.05) and increased beyond mitral regurgitation values after mitral valve replacement (231 +/- 7 microns; p < 0.05). Myocyte volume with mitral regurgitation increased slightly beyond control values (33.5 +/- 0.7 versus 37.6 +/- 1.3 microns3; p = 0.15) and significantly increased with mitral valve replacement (40.1 +/- 1.2 microns3; p < 0.05). Myocyte myofibril volume significantly declined with mitral regurgitation compared with control values (14.8 +/- 1.5 versus 22.2 +/- 0.7 microns3; p < 0.05) and significantly increased beyond both mitral regurgitation and control values with mitral valve replacement (27.1 +/- 1.1 microns3; p < 0.05). Myocyte nuclear area with mitral regurgitation remained unchanged from control values (1430 +/- 122 versus 1163 +/- 89 microns2) but increased significantly with mitral valve replacement (2209 +/- 250 microns2; p < 0.05). In summary, the left ventricular contractile dysfunction with chronic mitral regurgitation is accompanied by increased myocyte length and reduced myofibril content. In contrast, the left ventricular hypertrophy and improved left ventricular pump function with mitral valve replacement were due to increased myocyte volume and increased contractile protein content.

PMID:
8246553
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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