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Hepatology. 1993 Dec;18(6):1490-7.

Differential impact of Carolina rinse and University of Wisconsin solutions on microcirculation, leukocyte adhesion, Kupffer cell activity and biliary excretion after liver transplantation.

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Institute for Surgical Research, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit√§t, M√ľnchen, Germany.


This quantitative in vivo fluorescence microscopy study investigated the relative impact of an optimized rinse solution (warm Carolina rinse) and that of an established storage solution (University of Wisconsin solution) on various pathomechanisms of hepatic reperfusion injury after cold storage. Syngeneic orthotopic, arterialized liver transplantation was performed in male Lewis rats after 24 hr of cold ischemia (n = 24). The four experimental groups differed according to the type of preservation/rinse solution used: University of Wisconsin solution/albumin rinse (group 1), autologous blood (just external cooling)/albumin rinse (group 2), blood/Carolina rinse (group 3) and University of Wisconsin solution/Carolina rinse (group 4). Hepatic microvascular perfusion, leukocyte accumulation and phagocytic activity of Kupffer cells were assessed by means of intravital fluorescence microscopy 30 to 90 min after reperfusion. Disturbances of microvascular perfusion were most pronounced in group 2, markedly reduced by University of Wisconsin solution (group 1) and Carolina rinse (group 3) and minimized by combined use of University of Wisconsin solution and Carolina rinse in group 4. Intrahepatic leukocyte-endothelium interaction in sinusoids and postsinusoidal venules was found to depend on the application of Carolina rinse before reperfusion rather than the use of University of Wisconsin solution during cold storage. Activation of phagocytosis by Kupffer cells was most pronounced in group 1, intermediate in groups 2 and 3 and not noticeable in group 4. Hepatocellular excretory function as assessed on the basis of total bile flow and excretion of bile acids during the first 90 min after reperfusion was found to be improved by application of Carolina rinse, both after storage in blood or in University of Wisconsin solution.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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