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Fertil Steril. 1993 Dec;60(6):988-93.

Counter-regulatory response to hypoglycemia in the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.



To assess whether the phase of the menstrual cycle influences the counter-regulatory response to hypoglycemia.


Prospective randomized euglycemia-hypoglycemia clamp studies in the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle in the same woman.


Clinical Research Center, Yale University School of Medicine.


Eight regularly menstruating nonobese women.


Counter-regulatory hormonal response to hypoglycemia-epinephrine, norepinephrine, glucagon, cortisol, GH, and PRL; glucose homeostasis: rates of whole-body glucose appearance and utilization, and the rate of hepatic glucose production.


In the follicular and luteal phases of the cycle fasting glucose levels (88 +/- 1 and 85 +/- 2 mg/dL, mean +/- SEM, respectively; conversion factor to SI units, 0.05551), basal glucose turnover (2.37 +/- 0.20 and 2.63 +/- 0.13 mg/kg per minute), basal insulin levels (10 +/- 1 and 9 +/- 1 microU/mL; conversion factor to SI units, 6.0), and insulin levels during the clamp study (53 +/- 3 and 45 +/- 4 microU/mL) were not significantly different. During the euglycemic phase of both studies, glucose utilization rose twofold (to 4.73 +/- 0.31 and 4.39 +/- 0.31 mg/kg per minute): hepatic glucose production was suppressed; and counter-regulatory hormones remained unchanged. Induction of hypoglycemia produced increases in the concentrations of counter-regulatory hormones that were indistinguishable in both phases of the cycle. Similarly, the increase in hepatic glucose production provoked during hypoglycemia was similar in each phase of the cycle (1.20 +/- 0.24 and 1.28 +/- 0.36 mg/kg per minute).


The counter-regulatory hormonal response to hypoglycemia, as well as the metabolic sequelae of these hormonal changes, are similar in the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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