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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1993 Sep;12(9):699-701.

Parainfluenza virus infection in adult bone marrow transplant recipients.

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Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030.


The clinical course of parainfluenza virus infection occurring in 8 of 265 (3%) adult bone marrow transplant recipients during 1991 was reviewed. Parainfluenza virus type 3 was isolated from all eight patients. The clinical course ranged from self-limited upper respiratory tract infections (2 patients) to severe lower respiratory tract disease (6 patients) associated with a 50% mortality. This study highlights the important role of community respiratory viruses such as parainfluenza virus in the etiology of pneumonia in immunocompromised adults.

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