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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1993 Oct 15;70(2):85-93.

Overrepresentation of chromosome 12p sequences and karyotypic evolution in i(12p)-negative testicular germ-cell tumors revealed by fluorescence in situ hybridization.

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1
Department of Human Genetics, University Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Human testicular germ-cell tumors (TGCTs) comprise a heterogeneous group of solid neoplasms. These tumors are characterized by the presence of a highly specific chromosomal abnormality, i.e., an isochromosome of the short arm of chromosome 12. At present, this i(12p) chromosome is found in more than 80% of TGCTs. Isochromosome 12p has also been observed in some ovarian and extragonadal germ cell tumors. In the remaining so-called i(12p)-negative TGCTs other abnormalities involving chromosome 12, mainly 12p, can be found. In order to establish whether 12p abnormalities other than i(12p) are a common phenomenon in TGCTs, a panel of 11 i(12p)-negative tumors was investigated using multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization. All TGCTs examined appeared to contain chromosomal abnormalities involving 12p, resulting in a distinct overrepresentation of short arm sequences. In addition, indications were obtained for a clonal evolution in one of the tumors. Our data suggest that the occurrence of 12p abnormalities is a common phenomenon in i(12p)-negative TGCTs and that these abnormalities, analogous to i(12p), may contribute to the process of tumor development.

PMID:
8242603
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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