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Fed Proc. 1976 Nov;35(13):2460-3.

Liver microsomal drug-metabolizing enzyme system: functional components and their properties.


The liver microsomal drug-metabolizing enzyme system consists of two protein components, cytochrome P-450 and NADPH-cytochrome c reductase, and a lipid, phosphatidylcholine. Cytochrome P-450 serves as the binding site for oxygen and substrate while the reductase acts as an electron carrier shuttling electrons from NADPH to cytochrome P-450. The phospholipid facilitates the transfer of electrons from NADPH-cytochrome c reductase to cytochrome P-450 but itself is not an electron carrier. Different cytochromes P-450 and P-448 have been purified; the spectral, catalytic, and immunological properties as well as the molecular weight (determined by SDS-gel electrophoresis) of all these hemeproteins differ from one another. The presence of multiple cytochrome P-450s may explain the species, strain, age, tissue, and sex differences as well as the effect of inducers and nutritional status in mammlian drug metabolism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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