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Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1993 Oct;43(4):665-73.

Phylogenetic relationships between some members of the genera Deleya, Halomonas, and Halovibrio.

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Department of Agricultural Science, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.


The genera Halomonas and Deleya, which constitute the family Halomonadaceae, are difficult to differentiate on the basis of phenotypic and chemotaxonomic attributes. DNA-rRNA hybridization studies have indicated that some Halomonas spp. have the same level of relationship to the type species of the genus Deleya as some Deleya spp. A phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA sequences of seven members of the Halomonadaceae indicated that the members of the genera Halomonas and Deleya do not form separate monophyletic subgroups, confirming the lack of any phylogenetic support for retention of these taxa as separate genera. A phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA sequence of Halovibrio variabilis confirmed that this species belongs in the Halomonadaceae. All of the members of the Halomonadaceae examined and Halovibrio variabilis possess a cytosine residue at position 486 (Escherichia coli numbering), which is an extremely rare attribute among the prokaryotes and has been reported in only one other species, Listonella anguillarum. Several other signature characteristics which define this group in the gamma subclass of the Proteobacteria are identified. The Jukes-Cantor distances between members of the family Halomonadaceae, including Halovibrio variabilis, range from 0.086 to 0.000 (the levels of similarity between the 16S rRNA sequences range from 92.6 to 100%). The members of the genera Halomonas, Deleya, and Halovibrio form a monophyletic group and share common chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics. Subgroups containing members of the genera Halomonas, Deleya, and Halovibrio cannot be resolved on the basis of phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic, or phenotypic data. Our data indicate that the members of the genera Halomonas, Deleya, and Halovibrio should be united in a single genus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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