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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1993 Nov 15;307(1):126-32.

Identification of Ser143 as the site of modification in the active site of histidine ammonia-lyase.

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Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16803.


Histidine ammonia-lyase (histidase) from Pseudomonas putida was irreversibly inactivated by L-cysteine at pH 10.5 in the presence of oxygen. Inactivation was accompanied by the formation of a new uv-absorbing species centered around 340 nm. L-[35S]cysteine labeling experiments revealed that 4 mol of L-cysteine was bound per mole of enzyme tetramer upon complete modification. However, the radiolabel was dissociated from the protein under denaturing conditions without loss of the 340-nm absorbance. Prior inactivation of histidase by cyanide, borohydride, or bisulfite precluded the formation of the 340-nm species in subsequent L-cysteine modification experiments. This suggests a common target site for modification of histidase by all of these reagents. Based on its strong absorbance at 340 nm an octapeptide was isolated from L-cysteine-inactivated histidase following trypsin and staphylococcal V8 protease digestion. Electrospray MS/MS revealed that this peptide (Gly138-SerValGlyAlaSerGlyAsp145) contained an unidentified modification of mass 184 Da located on Ser143. This peptide and the serine residue are conserved in all histidases and phenylalanine ammonia-lyases for which the amino acid sequence is available. Ser143 represents the binding site for an electrophilic cofactor required for histidase activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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