Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Nov;169(5):1091-5.

The effect of forceps delivery on cognitive development.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We evaluated the influence of forceps delivery on cognitive development of preschool children.

STUDY DESIGN:

A cohort of 3413 children who were born at the Kaiser Permanente Medical Center in Oakland, California, were selected at age 5 for intelligence quotient testing with the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and the Raven Coloured Progressive Matrices. Data were analyzed by means of the Student t test to compare mean intelligence quotient scores of intervention modes of delivery with spontaneous delivery.

RESULTS:

No significant difference in intelligence quotient was seen in 1192 children delivered by forceps (114 midforceps) compared with 1499 who were delivered spontaneously.

CONCLUSION:

The association of forceps delivery with adverse cognitive development cannot be supported.

PMID:
8238165
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9378(93)90261-g
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center