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Virus Res. 1993 Sep;29(3):281-303.

Comparative analysis of the conserved region of the orthopoxvirus genome encoding the 36K and 12K proteins.

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Institute of Molecular Biology, NPO Vector, Koltsovo, Novosibirsk region, Russia.


Genes encoding virus-specific proteins with molecular masses of 36 kDa and 12 kDa were mapped in HindIII-P and HindIII-U DNA fragments of vaccinia strain LIVP and ectromelia strain K-1 viruses, respectively, by hybrid selection of RNA to cloned DNA fragments followed by in vitro translation. The 36K translation initiation codon was detected in the HindIII-J fragment. The nucleotide sequences of corresponding genes from vaccinia, ectromelia, cowpox and variola virus genomes were determined. The 12K protein has similarity to mammalian glutaredoxins. The derived amino acid sequence of the 36K polypeptide was compared with the protein bank PIR. No homology was found between the 36K protein and known structures of proteins. The 36K protein genes of vaccinia and ectromelia viruses were cloned in pUR290, which led to the production of E. coli chimeric proteins, consisting of the sequence of beta-galactosidase and the viral protein on their C-ends. The chimeric proteins were shown to possess viral antigenic specificity. To identify the protein product of the 36K gene monospecific antisera to chimeric proteins were obtained. The late 36K protein is associated with virosomes but is not incorporated into the virions of orthopoxviruses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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