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Thromb Haemost. 1993 Aug 2;70(2):342-5.

Anticardiolipin antibodies block the inhibition by beta 2-glycoprotein I of the factor Xa generating activity of platelets.

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Department of Haematology, Prince of Wales Hospital, School of Pathology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.


Antiphospholipid antibodies, defined either by lupus anticoagulant (LA) activity or positive anticardiolipin immunoabsorbent assay (ACA) are associated with a predisposition to thromboses, recurrent fetal loss or thrombocytopenia. The mechanisms for these predispositions remain undefined. We have enriched immunoglobulin fractions from two patient plasmas to obtain antibodies with LA activity but no ACA, or conversely, with ACA positivity but no LA, in order to investigate in vitro characteristics which might explain a thrombotic propensity. beta 2-glycoprotein I (beta 2-GPI), the plasma cofactor required for ACA binding to negatively charged phospholipid, has previously been shown to inhibit prothrombinase generation in the presence of activated platelets (8). We now report that beta 2-GPI, at physiological concentrations, inhibits the generation of factor Xa in the presence of activated gel-filtered platelets. Further, ACA interferes with this inhibition, resulting in protracted, unopposed factor Xa generation. This interference with beta 2-GPI, a natural anticoagulant component of plasma, is potentially prothrombotic. LA immunoglobulins behave differently and inhibit factor Xa generation in a manner similar to beta 2-GPI. These findings provide the basis for a previously unsuspected mechanism for thrombosis in patients with aPL.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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