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Mol Microbiol. 1993 Aug;9(4):751-60.

The transcriptional activator HlyU of Vibrio cholerae: nucleotide sequence and role in virulence gene expression.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Adelaide, South Australia.


HlyU upregulates expression of the haemolysin, HlyA, of Vibrio cholerae. DNA sequence analysis indicates that HlyU is an 11.9 kDa protein containing a putative helix-turn-helix motif and belonging to a family of small regulatory proteins, including NoIR (Rhizobium meliloti), SmtB (Synechococcus PCC 7942) and ArsR (plasmids R773, Escherichia coli; pI258, Staphylococcus aureus; and pSX267, Staphylococcus xylosus). An hlyU mutant was constructed by insertional inactivation, and found to be deficient in the production of both the haemolysin and a 28 kDa secreted protein. The mutant was assessed for virulence in the infant mouse cholera model, revealing a 100-fold increase in the LD50. This suggests that HlyU promotes expression of virulence determinant(s) in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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