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Kidney Int. 1993 Sep;44(3):518-26.

Alteration of mesangial response to ANP and angiotensin II by glucose.

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Third Department of Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Japan.


To test the hypothesis that the function of glomerular mesangial cells is impaired in diabetes, we examined the responsiveness of mesangial cells cultured under high concentrations of glucose to atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP1) and angiotensin II (Ang II). The ANP-induced accumulation of cGMP was enhanced in mesangial cells cultured under high glucose conditions, possibly due to the activation of particulate guanylate cyclase. Ang II action in mesangial cells was evaluated by measuring the ability of Ang II to inhibit ANP-induced cGMP accumulation through both activating phosphodiesterase (initial phase) and inhibiting guanylate cyclase (maintenance phase). The inhibition of both ANP-induced cellular cGMP accumulation and particulate guanylate cyclase activity by Ang II was significantly reduced in mesangial cells cultured under high concentrations of glucose. Moreover, in the cells exposed to high concentrations of glucose, both basal and Ang II-stimulated levels of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) were significantly reduced. These results indicate that, in high glucose conditions, the actions of ANP and Ang II are modulated differently, resulting in the impairment of contractile responsiveness of mesangial cells.

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