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J Med Chem. 1993 Oct 29;36(22):3286-92.

5-HT3 receptor antagonists. 3. Quinoline derivatives which may be effective in the therapy of irritable bowel syndrome.

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Pharmaceutical Research Laboratories, Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co., Ltd., Shizuoka-ken, Japan.


A series of quinolinecarboxylic acid derivatives has been previously described as a new class of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists due to deviation of a carbonyl moiety from the place of an aromatic ring in their minimum-energy conformations. These derivatives were evaluated in a wrap-restraint stress-induced defecation model in rats. Reference compounds, ondansetron (1), granisetron (2), and YM060 (4), potently inhibited a stress-induced increase in stools excreted from fed rats (ID50 = 0.27, 0.12, and 0.0052 mg/kg, po, respectively). However, quinoline derivatives exhibited different activities depending on structural class. 4-Hydroxyquinoline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives 5 and 6a possess high affinity for the 5-HT3 receptor (Ki = 6.1 and 1.5 nM, respectively) and exhibit potent activity in the Bezold-Jarisch (B-J) reflex test (ED50 = 0.0017 and 0.000 10 mg/kg, i.v., respectively), but they did not effectively inhibit the increase in fecal pellet output at the dose of 1 mg/kg, po. On the other hand, most of 1-substituted 2-oxoquinoline-4-carboxylates 10 showed less potent activity in the B-J reflex test than 1 or 2 but inhibited restraint stress-induced defecation more potently than 1 or 2. The ID50 value of endo-8-methyl-8- azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl 1-isobutyl-2-oxo-1,2-dihydro-4- quinolinecarboxylate 10e was 0.013 mg/kg, po. With respect to the selected compounds 6a and 10e, effects of 5-HT- and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)-induced defecation, castor oil-induced diarrhea and wrap-restraint stress-induced colonic propulsion in rats were examined. These 5-HT3 receptor antagonists did not effectively inhibit castor oil-induced diarrhea, which has been reported not to be mediated via the 5-HT3 receptor. Although 10e showed 800-fold decreased potency compared with 4 in the B-J reflex test, 10e exhibited activity as potent as 4 in 5-HT- and TRH-induced defecation assays; 10e exhibited 7-fold increased potency compared with 4 in wrap-restraint stress-induced colonic propulsions. From these results, 10e appears to interact selectively with 5-HT3 receptors in the gastrointestinal system and might be effective in the therapy of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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