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J Med Chem. 1993 Oct 15;36(21):3056-60.

Solution conformation of the antitumor drug streptonigrin.

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Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Sydney, N.S.W., Australia.


The solution conformation of the antitumor drug streptonigrin in THF-d8 has been determined by dynamic 1H NMR spectroscopy (400 MHz). The major solution conformation agrees with the structure observed in the solid state [Chiu, Y.-Y.; Lipscomb, W. N. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1975, 97, 2525-30]. Rings A, B, and C are coplanar, with ring C held in place by a hydrogen bond from the amino group on ring C and the pyridyl nitrogen in ring B. This conformation is stable in the range pH 3.9-8.9. At lower pH, the hydrogen bond is disrupted due to protonation of the pyridyl nitrogen in ring B. The major species present at pH 3.9-8.9 and 180 K is the zwitterion 1b (80%). Below 190 K, slow proton transfer between the free acid 1a and the zwitterion 1b is observed on the NMR time scale. Addition of a catalytic amount of base to the solution increases the rate of exchange 1a<-->1b, and only one set of resonances is observed. In CD2Cl2 this proton transfer is not observed. Implications for the structure(s) of metal complexes formed by streptonigrin are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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