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J Neuroimmunol. 1993 Nov-Dec;48(2):161-8.

Lymphocyte adhesion to cultured endothelial cells of the blood-retinal barrier.

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Department of Clinical Science, Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK.


Microvascular endothelial cells derived from the blood-retinal barrier were grown in vitro and various factors affecting the adhesion of syngeneic lymphocytes to these monolayers was evaluated. Under resting conditions 5.3 +/- 0.4% of lymphocytes derived from peripheral lymph nodes (PLN) were found to adhere to the endothelia. Adhesion of resting lymphocytes increased significantly following endothelial treatment with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma; 11.7 +/- 1.0%), interleukin-1 (IL-1; 14.9 +/- 1.2%), astrocyte conditioned medium (ACM; 12.7 +/- 0.9%) or forskolin (13.9 +/- 1.2%). Lymphocyte activation with concanavalin A (ConA) increased adhesion to 17.0 +/- 0.9% which could be augmented by activating the endothelia with IFN-gamma (22.3 +/- 1.0%), IL-1 (24.0 +/- 1.0%) and ACM (25.7 +/- 1.6%). An antigen-specific CD4+ T cell line exhibited the greatest degree of adhesion, 40.4 +/- 2.5% on resting endothelia, 60.0 +/- 3.0% on IFN-gamma-activated cells and 54.3 +/- 1.4% on IL-1-activated cells. Although CD4+ lymphocytes predominated in the PLN population by 2:1, significantly more CD8+ cells were found to adhere.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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