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J Cell Physiol. 1993 Nov;157(2):413-25.

Membrane-anchored proteoglycans of mouse macrophages: P388D1 cells express a syndecan-4-like heparan sulfate proteoglycan and a distinct chondroitin sulfate form.

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Program in Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53706-1532.


Proteoglycan accumulation by thioglycollate-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages and a panel of murine monocyte-macrophage cell lines has been examined to determine whether these cells express plasma membrane-anchored heparan sulfate proteoglycans. Initially, cells were screened for heparan sulfate and chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans after metabolic labeling with radiosulfate. Chondroitin sulfate is secreted to a variable extent by every cell type examined. In contrast, heparan sulfate is all but absent from immature pre-monocytes and is associated predominantly with the cell layer of mature macrophage-like cells. In the P388D1 cell line, the cell-associated chondroitin sulfate is largely present as a plasma membrane-anchored proteoglycan containing a 55 kD core protein moiety, which appears to be unique. In contrast, the cell-associated heparan sulfate is composed of a proteoglycan fraction and protein-free glycosaminoglycan chains, which accumulate intracellularly. A fraction of the heparan sulfate proteoglycan contains a lipophilic domain and can be released from cells following mild treatment with trypsin, suggesting that it is anchored in the plasma membrane. Isolation of this proteoglycan indicates that it is likely syndecan-4: it is expressed as a heparan sulfate proteoglycan at the cell surface, it is cleaved from the plasma membrane by low concentrations of trypsin, and it consists of a single 37 kD core protein moiety that co-migrates with syndecan-4 isolated from NMuMG mouse mammary epithelial cells. Northern analysis reveals that a panel of macrophage-like cell lines accumulate similar amounts of syndecan-4 mRNA, demonstrating that this proteoglycan is expressed by a variety of mature macrophage-like cells. Syndecan-1 mRNA is present only in a subset of these cells, suggesting that the expression of this heparan sulfate proteoglycan may be more highly regulated by these cells.

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