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Int J Parasitol. 1993 Aug;23(5):551-5.

Mucosal mast cells and the expulsive mechanisms of mice against Strongyloides venezuelensis.

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Department of Parasitology, Miyazaki Medical College, Kiyotake, Japan.


The possible importance of mucosal mast cells in the expulsive mechanisms of mice against Strongyloides venezuelensis was examined. After a primary infection by subcutaneous inoculation with various doses into C57BL/6 mice, about 50% of the initial dose of infective larvae (L3) became adult worms and, regardless of the dose of infection, they were completely expelled by Day 12 with similar kinetics. Intestinal mastocytosis at the time of expulsion was comparable among groups given different doses of infection. A kinetic study after infection with 2000 L3 in C57BL/6 mice revealed that mastocytosis started from Day 8, rapidly reached a peak on Day 12, and then gradually decreased. The strongest mastocytosis was observed in the upper one sixth of the small intestine where the majority of adult worms parasitized. Over 80% of mast cells induced by the infection were located in the intestinal epithelial layer. When mast cell-deficient W/Wv and their normal littermate +/+ mice were infected with 1000 L3, expulsion was significantly delayed in W/Wv mice, though adult worms were eventually expelled by Day 18 in W/Wv mice. Delayed expulsion as well as defective mast cell responses of W/Wv mice were completely restored by bone marrow grafting 10 weeks prior to infection. These results show that, like S. ratti infection, intestinal mucosal mast cells are important in causing expulsion of S. venezuelensis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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