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Exp Clin Endocrinol. 1993;101(3):166-72.

Experimental "chronic" African trypanosomiasis: endocrine dysfunctions generated by parasitic components released during the tryptanolytic phase in rats.

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Unité INSERM n. 16, CHR, Lille, France.


The disorders of the gonadotropic axis have been studied during the course of a "chronic" african trypanosomiasis induced experimentally in rats inoculated by the variant Trypanosoma brucei brucei AnTat 1.1.E. The levels of serum and pituitary LH as well as serum testosterone and corticosterone have been determined, during the infestation, at a particular period of the circadian cycle, in regard to the parasitemia variations. In addition, the inoculation of trypanosomal component fractions [obtained by concanavalin-A sepharose chromatography (conA-components)], has been performed in an attempt to define more exactly the nature of factor(s) producing the hypotestosteronemia in rats. This work evidenced that the hormonal parameter levels were predominantly decreased at the trypanolytic phase during the evolution of the disease. The action towards the hypothalamo-pituitary gonadal axis was attributed not only to peculiar trypanosomal enzyme(s) [a serine, thiol-dependent, cation sensitive endoprotease with a post-proline cleaving activity (purified from unretained conA fraction)], but also to protein and/or glycoprotein factor(s) released by the trypanosomes (components with affinity to the lectin).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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