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Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1993;45(2):107-11.

Amlodipine in patients with angina uncontrolled by atenolol. A double blind placebo controlled cross over trial.

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Department of Cardiology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK.


Dihydropyridine calcium antagonists are established second line treatment for angina uncontrolled by beta-adrenergic blockers. Amlodipine is a recently introduced, dihydropyridine with a long half life. In a double blind, placebo controlled, cross over trial we assessed the efficacy and safety of amlodipine in 20 patients with persistent angina despite treatment with atenolol. 17 male patients (mean age 58 y) completed the study. Two patients were withdrawn during placebo because of worsening angina and one withdrew whilst on amlodipine because of palpitations. Compared with baseline, amlodipine prolonged exercise time to S-T segment depression by a median of 12.5%; significantly more than was found with placebo (median 0%). The improvement in exercise time and time to angina also tended to be greater for amlodipine than placebo. GTN consumption, at a median of 1.3/week, was significantly less with amlodipine than placebo (2.8). Attacks of angina were also reduced. Standing systolic and diastolic blood pressures and sitting systolic blood pressure were lower with amlodipine than placebo. Heart rate did not change. There was no change in cardiac output (measured by doppler aortovelography) when amlodipine was added to atenolol. Holter monitor measurements of 24 h maximum and minimum heart rate, heart rate variation and extrasystole counts were the same for amlodipine and placebo. In conclusion, amlodipine is effective in patients with angina inadequately controlled by atenolol alone, and does not interfere with cardiac rhythm or function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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