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Plant J. 1993 Aug;4(2):265-78.

Growth-related gene expression in Nicotiana tabacum mesophyll protoplasts.

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1
Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et Physiologie Végétale, Unité associée au CNRS 565, Université de Perpignan, France.

Abstract

Eight cDNAs whose genes are more strongly expressed in suspension cells in growth phase than in stationary phase and at a low level in mature leaves have been isolated. The corresponding mRNAs are abundantly accumulated in young plant organs and in germinating seeds but are almost undetectable in mature plant tissues and dry seeds. Six of these cDNAs were characterized by comparison of nucleotide and protein sequences to the EMBL and SWISSPROT databanks. These eight growth-related genes are expressed in protoplasts isolated from Nicotiana tabacum mesophyll cells shortly after preparation (4 h). Two of them are expressed in freshly isolated protoplasts (early genes), while the other six are detected after 4 h of culture (late genes). Seven are more abundantly expressed in protoplasts than in growing plant organs while one growth-related gene is weakly expressed in protoplasts, as is the histone H4 gene. They seem to be induced in protoplasts by a synergistic effect of wounding and maceration. Sustained expression of the early genes is dependent on the presence of sucrose in the culture medium.

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