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Biochem Mol Biol Int. 1993 Aug;30(6):1115-25.

Alteration in 5'-nucleotidase activities and composition of liver and brain microsomes of developing rats fed different dietary fats.

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INSERM U 26, Hôpital Fernand Widal, Paris, France.


Four groups of male weanling rats were fed during three months, diets different in the nature of fats and the activity of 5' nucleotidase and fatty acid composition of brain and liver microsomes were studied. Group A were fed a standard commercial diet, group B a fat free-diet and group C and D a fat free-diet, containing respectively 10% of peanut-rapeseed oil and 10% of salmon oil. In brain and liver microsomes, 5'-nucleotidase activity increased throughout the development for all diets (except for the fat-free diet). Slight differences were found in rats fed the peanut-rapeseed oil diet compared to controls estimated at the same time. However, in animals fed the fish-oil diet, 5' nucleotidase had the highest activity in both brain and liver microsomes. Marked changes occurred in the fatty acid patterns of brain and liver microsomes among the various groups. The greatest alterations were found in the liver microsomes. In brain and liver microsomal membranes the fat-free diet induced an increase in monounsaturated fatty acids, an synthesis of eicosatrienoic acid, and a decrease in (n-6) and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids. Animals fed a peanut-rapeseed oil and control diet showed similar fatty acid patterns in liver and brain microsomes. However, when rats were fed a fish-oil diet, the liver microsomal membranes were highly enriched in eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, and simultaneously there was a decrease in arachidonic acid. These results suggest that manipulation of the lipid environment influences 5'-nucleotidase activity by the interaction of the enzyme with specific membrane lipids.

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