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Br J Haematol. 1993 Aug;84(4):681-5.

Vitamin K metabolism and vitamin K1 status in human liver samples: a search for inter-individual differences in warfarin sensitivity.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Vitamin K-dependent parameters in human liver samples were investigated to find a clue to the inter-individual differences in sensitivity for oral anticoagulants. Vitamin K epoxide reductase and vitamin K-dependent carboxylase activity differed 2-3-fold between the samples. Microsomal warfarin binding correlated significantly with the reductase activity. Microsomal vitamin K epoxide reductase of the different samples showed equal sensitivity for warfarin inhibition, I50 about 0.1 microM. Vitamin K epoxide reductase activity stimulated by NADH/lipoamide and microsomal lipoamide dehydrogenase activity showed higher inter-subject variability than the reductase activity by itself. Liver vitamin K1 levels varied 4-5-fold. Total and liver microsomal vitamin K1 levels were correlated. One of the liver samples was obtained from a donor anticoagulated with phenprocoumon and additionally treated with vitamin K1. High levels of the vitamin and its epoxide were present. Phenprocoumon was essentially irreversibly bound to the microsomes. In general the results confirm inter-individual differences in the hepatic vitamin K-dependent systems; the differences as such were found to be small. However, as the various parameters can work synergistically in the same direction, they may well account for the wide dose range observed in oral anticoagulant therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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