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Curr Opin Immunol. 1993 Aug;5(4):524-31.

T-cell and cytokine responses in leishmaniasis.

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Seattle Biomedical Research Institute.


Intracellular pathogens, particularly those that inhabit lymphocytes and macrophages, represent unique challenges to the immune system. Leishmania are protozoan parasites that replicate exclusively in macrophages and are thus in an excellent position to influence lymphocyte responses. T cell responses are critical in determining the outcome of infections with Leishmania. In both murine and human infections, strong T helper type 2 responses have been associated with disease, and a decreased or absent T helper type 2 response has been associated with healing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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