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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 1993;33(6):431-76.

Whey protein concentrates and isolates: processing and functional properties.

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Department of Food Science and Technology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210-1097.


Substantial progress has been made in understanding the basic chemical and structural properties of the principal whey proteins, that is, beta-lactoglobulin (beta-Lg), alpha-lactalbumin (alpha-La), bovine serum albumin (BSA), and immunoglobulin (Ig). This knowledge has been acquired in terms of: (1) procedures for isolation, purification, and characterization of the individual whey proteins in buffer solutions; and (2) whey fractionation technologies for manufacturing whey protein concentrates (WPC) with improved chemical and functional properties in food systems. This article is a critical review of selected publications related to (1) whey fractionation technology for manufacturing WPC and WPI; (2) fundamental properties of whey proteins; and (3) factors that affect protein functionality, that is, composition, protein structure, and processing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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