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Anal Biochem. 1993 Aug 1;212(2):359-65.

A spectrophotometric assay for nitrate using NADPH oxidation by Aspergillus nitrate reductase.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles 90024.

Abstract

An assay based on the oxidation of NADPH during the enzymatic conversion of nitrate to nitrate by Aspergillus nitrate reductase [EC 1.6.6.2] was developed for specific quantification of nitrate. This spectrophotometric method was used to measure nitrate present in human urine, human serum, and tissue culture medium. Used as a kinetic assay, the method exhibited (1) linearity over a range of 1.25 to 40 microM nitrate, (2) an upper sensitivity of 20 microM, (3) a lower sensitivity of 1.25 microM nitrate, and (4) intraday and interday variability ranging from 0.6 to 6.1%. To judge the acceptability of this method as a kinetic assay, we determined the Km for Aspergillus nitrate reductase to be 199 microM. The Km was based on analyzing three separate lots of commercially purified enzyme. Mean nitrate content of eight urine specimens analyzed by this assay (1111 microM) was not significantly different from that determined by a chemiluminescence method (1144 microM). Analysis of serum using the two methods showed mean nitrate concentrations of 23 and 36 microM, respectively. Based on serial dilutions of serum, the lower nitrate content of serum observed with nitrate reductase assay could not be explained by the presence of inhibitors. Rat pulmonary alveolar macrophages were induced to produce nitric oxide which oxidizes to nitrite and nitrate. Nitrite and nitrate present in tissue culture medium of unactivated and activated macrophages were in proportion to total nitrogen oxides (NO(x)) determined by the chemiluminescence method. We conclude that the Aspergillus nitrate reductase assay is an accurate spectrophotometric method for determining nitrate content of human urine and tissue culture supernatants.

PMID:
8214577
DOI:
10.1006/abio.1993.1341
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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