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Anal Biochem. 1993 Aug 1;212(2):344-50.

Compositional analysis of peptidoglycan by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.


A high-performance anion-exchange chromatography method with pulsed-amperometric detection has been developed for the simultaneous analysis of both amino acids and amino sugars and applied to the compositional analysis of peptidoglycan hydrolysates. Chromatography of the acid hydrolysis products was performed on a CarboPac PA-1 anion-exchange column, with pulsed-amperometric detection. Complete resolution of the two amino sugars (glucosamine and muramic acid) and eight of the nine amino acids (Ala, diaminobutyric acid, diaminopimelic acid, Glu, Gly, homoserine, Lys, Orn, and Ser) known to occur in various peptidoglycans was achieved within 70 min. Only homoserine and glycine (retention times 26.8 and 26.9 min, respectively) were not resolved by this procedure, but the simultaneous occurrence of these two amino acids in peptidoglycan is extremely rare. Reproducibility of the separations was shown to be very high and detection limits exceeded 10 pmol for glucosamine. This convenient and simple analysis was applied to the quantitation of many crude peptidoglycan samples isolated from the species of the Proteeae (Proteus, Providencia, and Morganella) for the determination of the extent of peptidoglycan O-acetylation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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