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Somat Cell Mol Genet. 1993 Jul;19(4):377-92.

Sensitivity of Roberts syndrome cells to gamma radiation, mitomycin C, and protein synthesis inhibitors.

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Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305.


Roberts syndrome (RS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by pre- and postnatal growth retardation, limb reduction abnormalities, and craniofacial anomalies. Mitotic chromosomes from RS individuals display repulsion of heterochromatin regions or centromere splitting, leading to a railroad-track appearance of mitotic chromosomes. Abnormalities in metaphase duration, anaphase progression, nuclear morphology, and increased frequency of micronucleation have been reported in RS cells. Cells from RS heterozygotes are normal in these respects, and in vitro complementation of the defects in somatic cell hybrids has been reported. Therefore, in preparation for the isolation of cDNAs that complement the RS defect, we investigated various drug treatments to identify an agent that specifically involves the growth of RS cells. Based on the cytogenetic and cell biologic findings, we chose agents that increase micronucleation or inhibit protein synthesis. We found that RS cells are hypersensitive to gamma radiation, mitomycin C, G418 and hygromycin B, but not to colcemid or streptonigrin when compared to normal cells. DNA content and cell viability analysis confirmed that the sensitivity to gamma irradiation was primarily due to increased cell death.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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