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Heart Lung. 1994 Mar-Apr;23(2):151-6.

A nurse-delivered smoking cessation intervention among hospitalized postoperative patients--influence of a smoking-related diagnosis: a pilot study.

Author information

1
Ohio State University Colleges of Nursing and Medicine, Columbus.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effect of a nurse-delivered smoking cessation intervention on short-term smoking abstinence among hospitalized postoperative patients.

DESIGN:

Prospective, experimental, random assignment.

SETTING:

Midwestern university-affiliated tertiary medical center.

PATIENTS:

Postoperative smokers (n = 80) from cardiovascular, oncology, and general surgical units.

OUTCOME MEASURE:

Self-reported smoking status and saliva cotinine level at 5 to 6 weeks after hospitalization.

INTERVENTION:

Three structured smoking cessation sessions during hospitalization, followed by phone calls once a week for 5 weeks after discharge.

RESULTS:

Of the experimental group patients, 37.8% were abstinent as compared to 25.6% in the usual care group. Abstinence rates of experimental group patients from cardiovascular (40%) and oncology (64.3%) units were higher than that of GS (13.3%) unit patients. Regardless of group assignment, 100% of cardiovascular and oncology patients abstained during hospitalization, compared to only 10.7% of GS patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Preliminary results indicate that a nurse-delivered cessation intervention may be effective postoperatively among smokers with an identified smoking-related diagnosis.

PMID:
8206773
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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