Send to

Choose Destination
Immunogenetics. 1994;40(1):37-44.

A new frequent allele is the missing link in the structural polymorphism of the human mannan-binding protein.

Author information

Department of Clinical Immunology, Righospitalet, Copenhagen N, Denmark.


Human mannan-binding protein (MBP) is a serum lectin participating in the innate immune defence. Low MBP concentrations are explained by the dominant action of a point mutation at codon 54 of the MBP gene in Eskimos, partially in Caucasians, but not in Africans. A previously described point mutation at codon 57 was very frequent (0.23) in East Africans, low in Caucasians (0.02), and absent in Eskimos. The African population only conformed to Hardy-Weinberg expectation when assuming the existence of an unknown allele, which was subsequently found as a point mutation at codon 52. This allele appeared with a relatively high frequency (0.05) in both Africans and Caucasians, but was absent in Eskimos. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is now seen in the investigated ethnic groups. All cases of MBP deficiency may be explained by these three variants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center