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Food Chem Toxicol. 1994 Apr;32(4):387-90.

Sex and strain differences in mouse hepatic microsomal coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity.

Author information

1
BIBRA Toxicology International, Carshalton, Surrey, UK.

Abstract

Hepatic microsomal coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity has been determined in male and female mice of strains A/J, AKR, BALB/c, CBA/Ca, C3H/He, C57BL/6J, DBA/2 and 129. In males, coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity was highest in liver microsomes from DBA/2 mice and lowest in BALB/c mice. With female mice enzyme activity was highest in DBA/2 and 129 strains, intermediate in the CBA/Ca strain and comparatively low in the other five strains. Marked sex differences were observed in coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity with enzyme activity in female animals from strains DBA/2, 129 and CBA/Ca being 4.8-, 6.2- and 4.8-fold higher, respectively, than in male mice. In contrast, only minor sex and strain differences in levels of total microsomal cytochrome P-450 were observed. These results demonstrate marked sex and strain differences in mouse hepatic microsomal coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity. Such differences may be due to variations in particular cytochrome P-450 isoenzymes such as CYP2A5, not all of which can be explained by the known allelic difference in the Cyp2a-5 locus.

PMID:
8206435
DOI:
10.1016/0278-6915(94)90078-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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