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Am J Physiol. 1994 May;266(5 Pt 2):R1670-4.

Interleukin-8 induces fever by a prostaglandin-independent mechanism.

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  • 1Laboratory of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.


We have studied the mechanism by which interleukin-8 (IL-8) induces fever in rats. Intracerebroventricular injections of IL-8 (5.5-50 ng) evoked dose-dependent increases in body temperature, which reached a plateau 5 h after injection, i.e., later than intracerebroventricular interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta; 2 h). The pyrogenic activity of IL-8 was not due to contamination with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) because preincubation of IL-8 with a specific antibody or boiling the IL-8 for 30 min abolished its activity but not that of LPS; also, IL-8 but not LPS induced fever in LPS-tolerant rats. Indomethacin significantly reduced the pyrogenic effects of intracerebroventricular injections of LPS and IL-1 beta but not responses to IL-8, suggesting that pyrogenic responses to IL-8 were mediated independently of prostaglandins. In contrast, dexamethasone markedly attenuated pyrogenic responses to IL-8 and IL-1 beta. These data suggest that inhibition of IL-8 by glucocorticoids contributes to the antipyretic effects of these drugs in fevers resistant to cyclooxygenase inhibitors.

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