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Acta Otolaryngol. 1994 Mar;114(2):182-7.

Prevention of recurrent acute otitis media in otitis-prone children by intermittent prophylaxis with penicillin.

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Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.


The question whether penicillin V (pcV) given intermittently upon signs of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in otitis-prone children might prevent recurrent bouts of acute purulent otitis media (AOM) is addressed. As compared with continuous long-term antibiotic treatment as prophylaxis in otitis-prone children, intermittent administration would reduce the overall consumption of antibiotics. Seventy-six otitis-prone children less than 18 months of age were included in this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled multicentre study. Follow-up was from January till June. One hundred and twenty-three episodes of AOM occurred. The number of AOM episodes was reduced by 50% in the children on pcV during URTI episodes as compared with those on placebo. No obvious ecological drawbacks were noted. Thus, the described mode of pcV administration seems to be a rational and safe way to reduce the number of AOM episodes in otitis-prone children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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