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Vet Microbiol. 1994 Mar;39(1-2):187-92.

Effect of growth temperature on maintenance of virulent Rhodococcus equi.

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Department of Animal Hygiene, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Kitasato University, Aomori, Japan.


Repeated passage of virulent Rhodococcus equi ATCC 33701 and L1 at 38 degrees C resulted in attenuation of the strains as a result of curing the virulence plasmid; at 30 degrees C, repeated passage had no such effect. At a temperature of 38 degrees C the plasmid-bearing cells replicated more slowly than their plasmid-cured derivatives and so were gradually replaced by cells lacking plasmids. In contrast, at a temperature of 30 degrees C the growth rate of either strain was not affected by the presence or absence of the plasmid. No plasmid-cured derivative was recovered from mouse organs at 48 h after inoculation of a mixture of equal numbers of bacteria with and without plasmids. It is concluded that under nonselective conditions growth temperature is an important factor in maintaining the virulence of R. equi.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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