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Suicide Life Threat Behav. 1994 Spring;24(1):48-57.

Stress, coping, and suicide risk in psychiatric inpatients.

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Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.


The present study investigated the relationship between interpersonal problems, coping styles, and suicide risk. Seventy-one adult psychiatric inpatients completed a suicide risk scale, a measure of interpersonal problems, and a coping scale designed to measure eight coping styles. Patients admitted with a history of suicidal attempts were compared with patients admitted for other reasons. Interpersonal problems were found to be significantly and positively related to suicide risk. The coping style of "suppression" (tendency to avoid threatening or uncomfortable situations) was found to be significantly and positively related to suicide risk [F(2, 68) = 4.54, p < .01]. Several other coping styles were found to be significantly related to suicide risk. These findings are congruent with a "two-stage model of countervailing forces" and have both research and clinical implications.

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