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J Crit Care. 1994 Mar;9(1):47-71.

Role of neutrophil-endothelial cell adhesion in inflammatory disorders.

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1
Department of Physiology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, School of Medicine, Shreveport 71130-3932.

Abstract

Polymorphonuclear leukocytes are armed with an impressive arsenal of bactericidal agents that allow these cells to play a vital role in host defense against invading pathogens. However, these same agents can produce extensive cellular damage in host tissues when leukocytes are activated during inflammatory conditions. Recognition of this fact, when coupled with the observation that leukocyte adhesion to post-capillary venules is a critical first step in the inflammatory process, has led to the development of the concept that inhibition of neutrophil-endothelial cell adhesion (NECA) may represent a novel therapeutic strategy for the prevention of leukocyte-dependent injury in inflammatory conditions. Indeed, pharmacological or immunologic inhibition of NECA reduces cellular injury, dysfunction, and necrosis induced by ischemia/reperfusion, circulatory shock and resuscitation, organ transplantation, cardiopulmonary bypass, frostbite, and thermal trauma. NECA also appears to play an important role in the pathobiology of airway inflammation and asthma, pulmonary oxygen toxicity, arthritis, bacterial meningitis, and cerebral malaria. The aim of this review is to summarize the evidence implicating NECA in the pathogenesis of these inflammatory conditions.

PMID:
8199653
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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