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Mol Microbiol. 1994 Feb;11(4):777-85.

An ABC-transporter from Streptomyces longisporoflavus confers resistance to the polyether-ionophore antibiotic tetronasin.

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Robertson Institute of Biotechnology, Department of Genetics, University of Glasgow, UK.


Streptomyces longisporoflavus produces the polyketide-polyether antibiotic, tetronasin, which acts as an ionophore and depolarizes the membrane of bacteria sensitive to the drug. A genomic library of S. longisporoflavus DNA was cloned in Streptomyces lividans and screened to identify tetronasin-resistance determinants. The inclusion of 0.2M NaCl in the growth medium with tetronasin markedly improved the sensitivity of the screen. Two different resistance determinants, designated tnrB (ptetR51) and tnrA (ptetR11) respectively, were identified. The determinant tnrB (ptetR51) but not tnrA (ptetR11), also conferred resistance to tetronasin when cloned into Streptomyces albus. The tnrB determinant was further localized, by subcloning, to a 2.8 kb KpnI fragment. DNA sequence analysis of this insert revealed one incomplete and two complete open reading frames (ORFs 1, 2 and 3). The deduced sequence of the gene product of ORF2 (TnrB2) revealed significant similarity to the ATP-binding domains of the ABC (ATP binding cassette) superfamily of transport-related proteins. The adjacent gene, ORF3, is translationally coupled to ORF2 and would encode a hydrophobic protein (TnrB3) with six transmembrane helices which probably constitutes the integral membrane component of the transporter. The mechanism of tetronasin resistance mediated by tnrB is probably an ATP-dependent efflux system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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