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J Gen Microbiol. 1976 May;94(1):55-67.

Identification of beta-lactamases by analytical isoelectric focusing: correlation with bacterial taxonomy.


beta-Lactamases (EC. can be directly compared by analytical isoelectric focusing. Using this technique, 242 strains from five Gram-positive and 16 Gram-negative genera were examined. A preparation of each strain focused as a single group of bands which did not match the pattern of any R factor-associated beta-lactamase. None of the strains was known to carry an R factor and resistance transfer experiments were unsuccessful. The enzymes studied were therefore thought to be chromosomally mediated. The isoelectric points ranged from 3.9 to 8.7 and were not related to the substrate profiles or other biochemical properties. The chromosomal beta-lactamases appeared to be specific for genus, species and sub-species, and strains that produced identical beta-lactamases had identical bacterial characteristics. Correlation of bacteriological differences with differences in beta-lactamase patterns is discussed with particular reference to strains of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. Since beta-lactamases may be universally produced by bacteria, separation of the enzymes by analytical isoelectric focusing could be used in bacterial taxonomy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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