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J Leukoc Biol. 1994 Jun;55(6):723-8.

Blockade of liver macrophages by gadolinium chloride reduces lethality in endotoxemic rats--analysis of mechanisms of lethality in endotoxemia.

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First Department of Surgery, Yamanashi Medical College, Japan.


We investigated the effects of gadolinium chloride (GdCl3.6H2O), which blocks phagocytosis by liver macrophages, on the mortality, blood tumor necrosis factor (TNF) levels, and hepatotoxicity in a lethal endotoxic shock rat model system [10 mg/kg body weight lipopolysaccharide (LPS) intravenously]. With administration of GdCl3, twice at 0.5 or 5 mg/kg, the survival rate 24 h after LPS injection was 56% and 100%, respectively, whereas the level of TNF in blood was not affected. Microscopic investigation of the liver revealed that the focal necrosis of hepatocytes under endotoxemia was completely protected by the administration of GdCl3 at 5 mg/kg. We then investigated the effects of GdCl3 on superoxide (O2-) production by isolated liver macrophages in vitro. The O2- production by liver macrophages isolated from control rats was suppressed by GdCl3 in a dose-dependent manner. GdCl3 also had a cytotoxic effect on these macrophages. The enhanced O2- production by liver macrophages isolated from sublethal endotoxemic (1 mg/kg) rats was suppressed by pretreatment with GdCl3 (5 mg/kg). It was suggested that lethality in endotoxemia cannot be explained only by the degree of increase in blood TNF levels and that the mechanism by which GdCl3 reduces mortality and hepatotoxicity in endotoxemia possibly includes suppression of superoxide production by liver macrophages.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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