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J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1994 May-Jun;18(3):432-8.

CT and MR distinction of adenomas and nonadenomas of the adrenal gland.

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Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Leiden University Hospital, The Netherlands.



Because the distinction between adenomas and nonadenomas of the adrenal gland is essential, we investigated which of the following parameters--size, CT attenuation values, MRI signal intensity ratios on T1- and T2-weighted sequences, calculated T2 relaxation times, or T2 relaxation time ratios--provides better discrimination.


We compared these parameters in 44 adrenal masses of 37 patients by means of the Student t test and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analyses.


Only size, CT attenuation values, and signal intensity ratios on T2-weighted MR images of adenomas showed a significant difference from those of nonadenomas. With use of ROC analysis, CT demonstrated a significantly larger area under the curve compared to size and T2 signal intensity ratios, indicating superior performance.


We found attenuation values on non-contrast-enhanced CT to be the best method in discriminating adrenal adenomas from nonadenomas. Adrenal masses with CT attenuation values below 15 HU warrant no further investigations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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