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EMBO J. 1994 May 1;13(9):2124-30.

Cyclin D1 transgene impedes lymphocyte maturation and collaborates in lymphomagenesis with the myc gene.

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Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria 3050, Australia.


Cyclin D1 is the regulatory subunit of certain protein kinases thought to advance the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Deregulated cyclin D1 expression has been implicated in several human neoplasms, most consistently in centrocytic B lymphoma, where the cyclin D1 gene usually has been translocated to an immunoglobulin locus. To determine directly whether constitutive cyclin D1 expression is lymphomagenic, transgenic mice were generated having the cyclin D1 gene linked to an immunoglobulin enhancer. Despite abundant transgene expression, their lymphocytes were normal in cell cycle activity, size and mitogen responsiveness, but young transgenic animals contained fewer mature B- and T-cells. Although spontaneous tumours were infrequent, lymphomagenesis was much more rapid in mice that co-expressed the cyclin D1 transgene and a myc transgene than in mice expressing either transgene alone. Moreover, the spontaneous lymphomas of myc transgenic animals often ectopically expressed the endogenous cyclin D1 gene. These findings indicate that this G1 cyclin can modulate differentiation and collaborate with myc-like genes in oncogenesis.

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