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Chin Med J (Engl). 1994 Jan;107(1):60-4.

Epidemiology of age-related dementia in China.

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Institute of Mental Health, Beijing Medical University.


The results of these epidemiological studies suggest that the morbidity of age related moderate and severe dementia among the population of 65+ was 1.82%, when adjusted by 1984 US population ratio, it became 3.2%, as reported by US and European authors. Yet MID appears more common than PDD, which was more close to the data from Japan. The average annual incidence of moderate and severe dementia for persons aged 60+ was 0.3% (95% CI: 0.08%-0.52%). The incidence for those aged 70-79 (0.41%) was similar to that reported by US authors (Sluss), 0.58% among 70-74 years old, but lower than that observed by European authors (Hagnell, Magnusso) varied from 1.2% to 5.2% in the same age group. These great differences are likely to be partly due to differences in the age structure of samples, instruments for testing dementia, and diagnostic criteria. The course and outcome of dementia after 3-year follow-up indicated that the average survival time was 8 years, and the risk for death of dementia was 3 times higher than that of the whole cohort; the results were similar to those reported by westerners. The major risk factors for AD as identified in this study showed that family history both in first degree relatives of AD and psychosis were significantly associated with AD. The finding was consistent with the genetic hypothesis in western countries. In 7 risk factors that have been studied in US and European countries, 6 showed that the family history of dementia was significantly associated with AD.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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