Send to

Choose Destination
J Vasc Interv Radiol. 1994 Mar-Apr;5(2):341-9.

Comparison of mechanical deformation properties of metallic stents with use of stress-strain analysis.

Author information

Department of Radiology, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC 20007.



Elastic and plastic deformation properties of the Wallstent, Palmaz stent, and Strecker stent were evaluated quantitatively with an in vitro model simulating forces exerted by an eccentric lesion.


A miniaturized compression testing device was constructed. Stress-strain graphs were obtained for each stent, and the elastic moduli and yield points were calculated.


There is a 21-fold range in the elastic modulus among the Wallstent, Palmaz stent, and Strecker stents. The Palmaz stent was the only device to exhibit permanent plastic deformation. The 10-mm Palmaz stent will undergo 15% focal eccentric narrowing at 0.75 atm of pressure; the "standard braid" and "less shortening braid" 10-mm Wallstents at 0.55 and 0.25 atm, respectively; and the 10-mm tantalum Strecker stent at 0.08 atm. Overlapping of stents doubles the stiffness of the Wallstent and the Strecker stent and doubles the yield point of the Palmaz stent. The 4-9 mm Palmaz stent is 30% more resistant to deformation than the larger 8-12-mm version when expanded to identical 8-mm diameters.


The "standard braid" version of the 10-mm Wallstent provides 2.3-fold additional strength for resistant stenoses compared with the "less shortening braid." Overlapping or nesting of stents may permit full expansion should there be incomplete expansion or recoil of a single stent. The 4-9-mm Palmaz stent is preferable from the standpoint of allowing the use of a smaller (7-F instead of 9-F) introducer sheath and also for providing superior resistance to deformation. A purely elastic stent such as the Wallstent is preferable in locations where permanent plastic deformation may occur, such as the thoracic outlet.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center