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Biochem Pharmacol. 1994 Apr 29;47(9):1481-8.

Protein kinase C is not involved in the cytotoxic action of 1-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine in HL-60 and K562 cells.

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Department of Hematology, University Hospital Utrecht, The Netherlands.


We studied the effects of the alkyllysophospholipid 1-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OCH3) on membrane associated protein kinase C (PK-C) activity in ET-18-OCH3 sensitive HL-60 cells and in two resistant cell types, Me2SO differentiated HL-60 cells and K562 cells. HL-60 cells expressed a lower PK-C activity level compared with both resistant cell types. However, membrane-bound PK-C activity in the sensitive HL-60 cells was approximately 3-fold increased in the presence of ET-18-OCH3, whereas in differentiated HL-60 cells and K562 cells PK-C was not influenced by ET-18-OCH3. The increase in PK-C activity in HL-60 cells was not due to translocation of cytosolic PK-C or synthesis de novo. The effect of ET-18-OCH3 on kinetic parameters of PK-C in all three cell types was investigated in order to elucidate the nature of the ET-18-OCH3 effects on PK-C activity in both sensitive and resistant cell types. A functional relationship between PK-C level and effect of ET-18-OCH3 on PK-C activity in the different cell types could not be found. Moreover, cells depleted of PK-C activity showed similar sensitivity or resistance to ET-18-OCH3 as cells expressing PK-C activity. These results suggest that a role of PK-C in the cytotoxic action of ET-18-OCH3 is very unlikely.

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