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Am J Cardiol. 1994 May 1;73(12):856-61.

Effects of late percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of an occluded infarct-related coronary artery on left ventricular function in patients with a recent (< 6 weeks) Q-wave acute myocardial infarction (Total Occlusion Post-Myocardial Infarction Intervention Study [TOMIIS]--a pilot study).

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1
University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

The effect of late percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of an occluded infarct-related artery on left ventricular ejection fraction was studied in patients with a recent, first Q-wave myocardial infarction in a prospective, randomized study. Forty-four patients (31 men and 13 women, mean age 58 +/- 12 years) with an occluded infarct-related coronary artery were randomized to PTCA (n = 25) or no PTCA (n = 19). Patients received acetylsalicylic acid, a beta blocker and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor unless contraindicated. Left ventricular ejection fraction was determined at baseline and 4 months. Coronary angiography was repeated at 4 months. Baseline ejection fraction measured 20 +/- 12 days after myocardial infarction was 45 +/- 12% in both groups. PTCA was performed 21 +/- 13 days after the event. The primary PTCA success rate was 72%. One patient in each group died before angiographic follow-up, which was completed in 37 of the remaining 42 patients (88%; 21 with and 16 without PTCA). At 4 months, the infarct-related artery was patent in 43% of PTCA patients and in 19% of no PTCA patients (p = NS). Reocclusion occurred in 40% of patients after successful PTCA. Secondary analyses showed that the change in left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly greater in patients with a patent infarct-related artery (+9.4 +/- 6.2%) than in those with an occluded artery (+1.6 +/- 8.8%; p = 0.0096). Baseline ejection fraction also independently predicted improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.0001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
8184807
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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