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Oncogene. 1994 Jun;9(6):1633-40.

Absence of cyclin D/cdk complexes in cells lacking functional retinoblastoma protein.

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Imperial Cancer Research Fund Laboratories, London, UK.


Cyclins D1, D2 and D3 are thought to function in the G1 phase of the cell division cycle by regulating the activity of cyclin-dependent protein kinases. All three D-type cyclins can be shown to associate with two specific kinases, cdk4 and cdk6, providing at least six possible combinations. To establish whether different cell types require different subsets of these complexes and whether they are altered in tumours where D-cyclin expression is perturbed, we surveyed a series of tumour cell lines and compared them where possible to non-tumorigenic counterparts. Although complexes involving cdk4 or cdk6 were readily observed in many of the cell lines, no complexes were detectable in human cells harbouring DNA tumour virus oncoproteins or in which the retinblastoma gene product (pRb) is mutated or missing. These data suggest that as well as being a potential substrate for D-cyclin-kinases, functional pRb contributes to the formation or stability of the complexes, at least in human cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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