Send to

Choose Destination
Nature. 1994 May 26;369(6478):330-3.

Heterodimerization of the IL-2 receptor beta- and gamma-chain cytoplasmic domains is required for signalling.

Author information

Section on Pulmonary and Molecular Immunology, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


The interaction of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-2 receptors critically regulates the T-cell immune response following antigen activation. IL-2 can signal through high or intermediate affinity receptors which contain IL-2R alpha (refs 3, 4) +beta (refs 5-8) +gamma (ref. 9) or beta+gamma chains, respectively. IL-2R gamma is a common gamma chain, gamma c, also shared by the IL-7 (ref. 10) and IL-4 (refs 11, 12) receptors, which when mutated results in X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency. Using chimaeric receptor constructs together with monoclonal or bispecific antibodies we demonstrate here that IL-2 signalling requires ligand-induced extracellular-domain-mediated heterodimerization of the beta- and gamma c-chain cytoplasmic domains. Anti-IL-2R alpha monoclonal antibodies trigger proliferation of cells transfected with chimaeric constructs in which the extracellular domains of IL-2R beta and gamma c are replaced by that of IL-2R alpha. Other experiments using chimaeric constructs indicated that IL-2 binds monomerically and monovalently to IL-2R alpha and that the beta-transmembrane domain is not required for receptor chain interactions. Finally, we provide a method for mapping residues in the gamma c cytoplasmic domain even in cells that constitutively express gamma c.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center