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J Comp Physiol A. 1994 Apr;174(4):433-42.

Jaw muscle (EMG) activity and amplitude scaling of jaw movements during eating in pigeon (Columba livia)

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Department of Organismal Zoology, Leiden University, The Netherlands.

Erratum in

  • J Comp Physiol [A] 1994 Jun;174(6):684.


During each phase of the pigeon's eating sequence, jaw opening amplitude (gape) is adjusted to the size of the food object; first prior to contact (Grasping), again in positioning the food (Stationing), and finally, during its movement through the oral cavity (Intraoral Transport). Part I of this study examined jaw movement kinematics during ingestion of different size food pellets to determine the relative contribution of velocity and rise time variables. Part II specified the muscle activity patterns mediating each phase of the eating sequence, and determined how these patterns are modulated to produce adjustments of gape size. The relative contribution of velocity and rise time variables to the control of gape differs in each phase of the eating sequence. However, for any pellet size, variations in opening rise time may function in a compensatory manner to minimize gape "undershooting". Each phase of the eating sequence is mediated by a characteristic muscle activity pattern. The adjustment of gape size to pellet size involves systematic modulation of this pattern, and the parameters modulated differ in the different phases in a manner which may reflect the functional requirements of each phase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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