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J Neurosci. 1994 May;14(5 Pt 2):3370-7.

Analysis of agonist and antagonist activities of phenylglycine derivatives for different cloned metabotropic glutamate receptor subtypes.

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Institute for Immunology, Kyoto University Faculty of Medicine, Japan.


The metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) consist of at least seven different subtypes and are coupled to intracellular signal transduction via G proteins. However, the lack of specific antagonists for the mGluRs limited the precise characterization of the role of the individual mGluRs. In this study, we investigated the agonist and antagonist activities of a series of phenylglycine derivatives for the mGluRs by examining their effects on the signal transduction of representative mGluR1, mGluR2, and mGluR4 subtypes expressed individually in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The phenylglycine derivatives examined included (S)- and (R)-forms of 3-hydroxyphenylglycine (3HPG), 4-carboxy-phenylglycine (4CPG), 4-carboxy-3-hydroxyphenylglycine (4C3HPG), 3-carboxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycine (3C4HPG), and (+)- and (-)-alpha-methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine (alpha M4CPG). Among these 10 compounds, (S)-3HPG acted as an agonist for mGluR1, while (S)-4C3HPG, (S)-3C4HPG, and (S)-4CPG served as effective agonists for mGluR2. The rank order of agonist potencies for mGluR2 was L-glutamate > (S)-4C3HPG > (S)-3C4HPG > (S)-4CPG. No other phenylglycine derivatives showed any definite agonist activity on either mGluR1 or mGluR2. Among the phenylglycine derivatives with no mGluR1 agonist activity, (S)-4C3HPG, (S)-3C4HPG, (S)-4CPG, and (+)-alpha M4CPG effectively antagonized the action of L-glutamate on mGluR1. The rank order of antagonist potencies was (S)-4C3HPG > or = (S)-4CPG > or = (+)-alpha M4CPG > (S)-3C4HPG. The Schild plot analysis indicated that (RS)-4C3HPG, (S)-4CPG, and (+)-alpha M4CPG all act as competitive antagonists for mGluR1 with pA2 values of 4.38, 4.46, and 4.38, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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